Government publications

Reference list

Print

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.

External Reference Group. (2004). Evaluation of knowledge and innovation reforms consultation report (DEST No. 7164.HERC04A). Canberra, Australia: Department of Education, Science and Training.

Online

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. (2009). Growing up in Australia: The longitudinal study of Australian children: 2008-09 annual report. Retrieved from http://www.fahcsia.gov.au/sites/default/files/documents/lsac_ar_08-09.pdf

Notes
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

 

In-text referencing

Direct quote (page number(s) must be included)

The Prime Minister, Mr Howard predicted that "in the foreseeable future nuclear power could be cheaper than the use, in a cleaner fashion than fossil fuel" (Commonwealth of Australia, House of Representatives, October 31, 2006, p. 41).

Paraphrasing or summarising (use of page number(s) encouraged - see note)

Thwaites outlined the Government's plan for safe injecting facilities in the Second Reading Speech... (Parliament of Victoria, Legislative Assembly, June 1, 2000).

Reference list

Print

Government. Name of Parliament. (Year). Title. Volume number (if available), Location: Publisher.

Parliament of Victoria. Legislative Assembly. (2000). Parliamentary debates (Hansard). Melbourne, Australia: Victoria Legislative Assembly.

Online

Government. Name of Parliament. (Year). Title. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Commonwealth of Australia. House of Representatives. (2006). Parliamentary debates (Official Hansard). Retrieved from http://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamber/hansardr/2006-10-31/0034/hansard_frag.pdf;fileType%3Dapplication%2Fpdf

Notes
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
Reference list

Print

Standard Name. (Year). Title of standard (Standard number). Location: Publisher.

Standards Australia. (1994). The storage and handling of corrosive substances (AS 3780-1994). Homebush, NSW: Standards Australia.

Online

Standard Name. (Year). Title of standard (Standard number). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Standards Australia. (1994). The storage and handling of corrosive substances (AS 3780-1994). Retrieved from http://0-www.saiglobal.com.alpha2.latrobe.edu.au/online/autologin.asp

Notes
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

 

Reference list

Print

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (report or catalogue number). Location: Publisher.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Australian social trends: September 2010 (cat. no. 4102.0). Canberra, Australia: Author.

Online

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (report or catalogue number). Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010). Australian social trends: September 2010 (cat. no. 4102.0). Retrieved from http://www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/LookupAttach/ 4102.0Publication13.10.101/$File/41020_ASTSep2010_reissue.pdf

Notes
  • Do not reference statistics in common use; this convention applies to most statistics used in journal articles.
  • Do give a reference when:
    • Less common statistics are used, especially those that have appeared recently and / or can only be found in journal articles.
    • A statistic is used in an unconventional or controversial way.
    • The statistic itself is the focus of the article.
  • The word ‘Author’ is used as the publisher when the author and publisher are the same.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

In-text referencing

Direct Quotes:
You are required to use page numbers for quotes

Author notes:

Include the surname/s of the author and year. For example,

  • No author (note capitalisation)
    The Life of Insects (1979) or (The Life of Insects, 1979)
  • One author
    Seaton (2018) or (Seaton, 2018)
  • Two authors
    Grant and Grant (2018) or (Grant & Grant, 2008)
  • Three to five authors
    First in-text reference: Bradley, Ramirez, Soo and Walsh (2006) or (Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006)

    Subsequent in-text references: Bradley et al. (2006) or (Bradley et al., 2006)
  • Six or more authors
    Fraser et al. (2014) or (Fraser et al., 2014)
  • Group / corporate author
    La Trobe University (2018) or (La Trobe University, 2018)

Author Prominent

Larkin (2004) claims that Paine's writings "represented a turning point in the revolution" (p. 10).

Bakris et al. (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p. 828)

Information Prominent

"Paine's choice of metaphors, diction, syntax, and evidence were crucial to his success" (Larkin, 2004, p. 26)

It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).

Paraphrasing:
You may include page numbers if it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

Author Prominent

Benesch (2001) described the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart.

Chambers et al. (2013) state the benefit of working collaboratively.

Information Prominent

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al., 2010).

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010).