Journal articles

Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Batteson, C. (2000). The changing politics of primary education. Improving Schools, 3(3), 44-48. doi:10.1177/136548020000300310

Without DOI

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Batteson, C. (2000). The changing politics of primary education. Improving Schools, 3(3), 44-48. Retrieved from http://imp.sagepub.com/

Print

Author, A. A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp.

Day, R. (2006). Two principles of perception revealed by geometrical illusions. Australian Journal of Psychology, 58(3), 123-128.

Notes
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool. [LINK]
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

 

Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., & Author, E. E. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Chambers, W., Smith, L., Orvis, J., & Caplinger, C. (2013). Developing a topic-centered first-year seminar with an emphasis on information literacy at a large regional university. College & Undergraduate Libraries, 20(1), 52-71. doi:10.1080/10691316.2013.761077

Pope, A., Puttick, K., & Walton, G. (2010). The enquiring minds project at Staffordshire University: integrating information literacy into the curriculum and assessment. Legal Information Management, 10(2), 104-108. doi:10.1017/S1472669610000411

Without DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., & Author, E. E. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Chambers, W., Smith, L., Orvis, J., & Caplinger, C. (2013). Developing a topic-centered first-year seminar with an emphasis on information literacy at a large regional university. College & Undergraduate Libraries, 20(1), 52-71. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/wcul20

Notes
  • In-text citations - for examples of when to use of 'and' and '&' please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear.
  • Reference List - you are required to list all names with a comma between each and then an “&” between the last two authors.
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page. Print and pdf versions will not have the DOI or URL.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., & Author, G. G. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Glover, M., Scragg, R., Min, S., Kira, A., Nosa, V., McCool, J., & Bullen, C. (2011). Driving kids to smoke? Children's reported exposure to smoke in cars and early smoking initiation. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 1027-1031. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2011.06.003

Without DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F. & Author, G. G. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Glover, M., Scragg, R., Min, S., Kira, A., Nosa, V., McCool, J., & Bullen, C. (2011). Driving kids to smoke? Children's reported exposure to smoke in cars and early smoking initiation. Addictive Behaviors, 36, 1027-1031. Retrieved from http://www.journals.elsevier.com/addictive-behaviors

Notes
  • In-text citations - For 6-7 authors you need to only write the surname of the first author followed by et al. (which means `and others').
  • Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear.
  • Reference List - you are required to list all names with a comma between each and then an “&” between the last two authors.
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page. Print and pdf versions will not have the DOI or URL.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., … Author, G. G. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Bakris, G. L., Lindholm, L. H., Black, H. R., Krum, H., Linas, S., Linseman, J. V., ... Weber, M. (2010). Divergent results using clinic and ambulatory blood pressures: Report of a Darusentan-resistant hypertension trial. Hypertension, 56, 824-830. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.110.156976

Without DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., … Author, G. G. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Bakris, G. L., Lindholm, L. H., Black, H. R., Krum, H., Linas, S., Linseman, J. V., ... Weber, M. (2010). Divergent results using clinic and ambulatory blood pressures: Report of a Darusentan-resistant hypertension trial. Hypertension, 56, 824-830. Retrieved from http://hyper.ahajournals.org/

Notes
  • In-text citations - write the first surname followed by et al. (which means `and others').
  • Reference List - list the first six names of the authors, then 3 dots and then list the final authors name.
  • Cite the names of the authors in the order they appear.
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page. Print and pdf versions will not have the DOI or URL.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
In-text referencing

Direct quote (page number(s) must be included)

She later "moved on to study at Radcliffe College" ("Award for distinguished", 2009, p. 642).

Paraphrasing or summarising (use of page number(s) encouraged - see note)

Leadership played a key role ("Award for distinguished", 2009).

Reference list

With DOI

Title of article. (Year). Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Award for distinguished scientific contributions: Alice H. Eagly. (2009). American Psychologist, 64, 642-658. doi:10.1037/a0017804

Without DOI

Title of article. (Year). Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Award for distinguished scientific contributions: Alice H. Eagly. (2009). American Psychologist, 64, 642-658. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/amp/

Print

Title of article. (Year). Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue), pp-pp.

Localized hypertrophy of the semimembranosus muscle simulating popliteal cyst. (1970). Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 52, 337-339.

Notes
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

 

Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Merrill, C., & Daugherty, J. (2010). STEM education and leadership: A mathematics and science partnership approach. Journal of Technology Education, 21(2), 21-34. doi:10.1109/5.628723

Without DOI

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Merrill, C., & Daugherty, J. (2010). STEM education and leadership: A mathematics and science partnership approach. Journal of Technology Education, 21(2), 21-34. Retrieved from http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JTE/

Notes
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • If each issue of a journal begins on page 1, place the issue number in parentheses/brackets immediately after the volume number e.g. 52(2), 16-33.
  • If the pagination is continuous throughout the volume, the most common occurrence, you do not need the issue number e.g. 88, 567-572.
  • If there is no DOI assigned and the reference was retrieved online, give the URL of the journal home page.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
Reference list

With DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., & Author, D. D. (Year). Title of article. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Volume(Issue). doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx

Milne, A. C., Potter, J., Vivanti, A., & Avenell, A. (2009). Protein and energy supplementation in elderly people at risk from malnutrition. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2009(2). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003288.pub3

Notes
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
  • The year of publication is also the volume number
Reference list

Include (Suppl.) after the volume number and also add the letter S in front of the page numbers. If there is more than one supplemental issue in the volume indicate which number is being referenced e.g. (Suppl. 2)

Example:

Vincent, J., & Gerlach, H. (2004). Fluid resuscitation in severe sepsis and septic shock: An evidence-based review. Critical Care Medicine, 32(Suppl.), S451-S454. doi:10.1097/01.CCM.0000142984.44321.A4
 

Notes
  • For detailed examples on how to write first citations and subsequent citations please go to the Style Notes - Authors section of this Referencing Tool.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

In-text referencing

Direct Quotes:
You are required to use page numbers for quotes

Author notes:

Include the surname/s of the author and year. For example,

  • No author (note capitalisation)
    The Life of Insects (1979) or (The Life of Insects, 1979)
  • One author
    Seaton (2018) or (Seaton, 2018)
  • Two authors
    Grant and Grant (2018) or (Grant & Grant, 2008)
  • Three to five authors
    First in-text reference: Bradley, Ramirez, Soo and Walsh (2006) or (Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006)

    Subsequent in-text references: Bradley et al. (2006) or (Bradley et al., 2006)
  • Six or more authors
    Fraser et al. (2014) or (Fraser et al., 2014)
  • Group / corporate author
    La Trobe University (2018) or (La Trobe University, 2018)

Author Prominent

Larkin (2004) claims that Paine's writings "represented a turning point in the revolution" (p. 10).

Bakris et al. (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p. 828)

Information Prominent

"Paine's choice of metaphors, diction, syntax, and evidence were crucial to his success" (Larkin, 2004, p. 26)

It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).

Paraphrasing:
You may include page numbers if it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

Author Prominent

Benesch (2001) described the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart.

Chambers et al. (2013) state the benefit of working collaboratively.

Information Prominent

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al., 2010).

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010).