Newspaper articles

Reference list

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of newspaper, p. or pp. Retrieved from database name.

Gittins, R. (2010, November 17). Suits us to be deluded on climate. The Age, p.17. Retrieved from Factiva database.

Notes
  • It is not necessary to include the retrieval date.
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
Reference list

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of newspaper, p. or pp.

Sugden, J. (2010, November 1). University fees will triple despite quit threats by Lib Dems. The Times, p.19.

Notes
  • In the reference list:, if an article continues across discontinuous pages list them all, separated by a comma (e.g. pp. 21, 26, 28-29).
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
  • If the quote, paraphrase or summary comes from a separate section of the newspaper where pagination restarts then indicate the section with the page number(s) e.g. "pp. A1, A4". Where the sections are not lettered use the section heading with the page number(s) e.g.

Jones, A. (2002, May 7) Hot tuna counts on Campbell to make waves. The Age, p. Business 2.

 

   
Reference list

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Title of newspaper, p. or pp.

Blackberry's PlayBook tablet makes a surprise appearance on stage. (2010, November 2). The Australian, p. 43.

Notes
  • In the reference list:, if an article continues across discontinuous pages list them all, separated by a comma (e.g. pp. 21, 26, 28-29).
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.
  • If the quote, paraphrase or summary comes from a separate section of the newspaper where pagination restarts then indicate the section with the page number(s) e.g. "pp. A1, A4". Where the sections are not lettered use the section heading with the page number(s) e.g.

Hot tuna counts on Campbell to make waves. (2002, May 7). The Age, p. Business 2.
 

Reference list

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of newspaper. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Dobbin, M. (2010, November 22). Melbourne jumps its boundary. The Age. Retrieved from http://www.theage.com.au/

Grattan, M. (2015, August 11). Abbott says Australia’s climate target is ‘economically responsible’. The Conversation. Retrieved from http://theconversation.com/abbott-says-australias-climate-target-is-economically-responsible-45954

No author:

Title of article. (Year, Month Day). Title of newspaper. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Focus changes for Louisiana in oil clean-up. (2010, November 3). The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/

Notes
  • Where page numbers are not provided give the paragraph number using the abbreviation para.
  • If headings are used cite the first few words of the heading and the number of the paragraph following to direct the reader e.g. (Regolith, 2010, "On the Earth" para. 6).
  • You are encouraged to provide page or paragraph numbers especially when it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

In-text referencing

Direct Quotes:
You are required to use page numbers for quotes

Author notes:

Include the surname/s of the author and year. For example,

  • No author (note capitalisation)
    The Life of Insects (1979) or (The Life of Insects, 1979)
  • One author
    Seaton (2018) or (Seaton, 2018)
  • Two authors
    Grant and Grant (2018) or (Grant & Grant, 2008)
  • Three to five authors
    First in-text reference: Bradley, Ramirez, Soo and Walsh (2006) or (Bradley, Ramirez, Soo, & Walsh, 2006)

    Subsequent in-text references: Bradley et al. (2006) or (Bradley et al., 2006)
  • Six or more authors
    Fraser et al. (2014) or (Fraser et al., 2014)
  • Group / corporate author
    La Trobe University (2018) or (La Trobe University, 2018)

Author Prominent

Larkin (2004) claims that Paine's writings "represented a turning point in the revolution" (p. 10).

Bakris et al. (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p. 828)

Information Prominent

"Paine's choice of metaphors, diction, syntax, and evidence were crucial to his success" (Larkin, 2004, p. 26)

It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).

Paraphrasing:
You may include page numbers if it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

Author Prominent

Benesch (2001) described the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart.

Chambers et al. (2013) state the benefit of working collaboratively.

Information Prominent

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al., 2010).

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010).