What is Evidence-Based Practice?
Evidence Based Practice (EBP) is "the use of best research evidence, along with clinical expertise, available resources, and the patient's preferences to determine the optimal management options in a specific situation" (Liamputtong, 2013, p. 453).
The 5 As
The EBP process is often described as a series of 5 steps. These steps are often given different names but all describe the following:
This main focus of this guide is on Ask & Acquire - formulate an answerable question and find the best evidence for your question.
|Ask||convert your information needs into an answerable clinical question|
|Acquire||find the best evidence to answer your clinical question|
|Appraise||critically appraise the evidence for it validity, impact and applicability|
|Apply||integrate the evidence with clinical expertise, the patient's values and circumstances, and information from the practice context|
|Assess||evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency with which steps 1-4 were carried out and think about ways to improve your performance of them next time|
Hoffmann, T. (2013). Evidence-based practice across the health professions (2nd ed.). Chatswood, N.S.W. : Elsevier Australia, pp.7-11.