This guide is based on the fourth edition of the Australian Guide to Legal Citation (Melbourne University Law Review Association, 4th ed, 2018), which replaces the third edition.
AGLC4 adds clarity to rules and includes more examples to address frequently asked citation queries. Several of the existing rules have been consolidated into general rules that apply for numerous source types, to streamline the citation process and improve consistency. A new introductory chapter for secondary sources has been created to list general rules that pertain to all secondary sources. Finally, several new rules have been added to address source types that were not previously covered by the AGLC. Important inclusions are:
alterations to how subsequent references are made to previously cited sources, including to which source types subsequent reference can be made
amendments to the rule for short titles and a new rule for abbreviations and defined terms
additional guidance for subsequent references within the same footnote
new rules for citing concurring, dissenting, joint and separate judgments
a simplified rule on where to include issue numbers/identifiers for journal articles
a new rule for citing forthcoming and advance journal articles, and an updated rule for citing online journal articles
new rules for citing intellectual property materials, constitutive documents of a corporation, periodicals, newsletters, magazines, films, television series, podcasts and social media posts
an updated approach and additional explanation for citing United Nations materials, as well as updates to the rules for international tribunals
an expansion of the rule for supranational materials beyond European materials
additional explanation and examples for ordering sources within a bibliography
A document outlining the major substantive changes between AGLC3 and AGLC4 can be found here.
Please note: Students should check with their lecturers / subject coordinators who will determine what referencing style is to be used.
If you come across any inconsistencies with the referencing examples in ART, send your feedback to email@example.com.
Important note: These guidelines have been designed to be used in university coursework, e.g. essays, reports, presentations. For work that is required to be published, or communicated to an audience wider than the University, please consult the appropriate publication manual, your publisher, the University Copyright Officer, and / or your research supervisor for guidance.