Citing quoted material
- See AGLC rule 1.3.
- It is sometimes the case that the material you want to cite is itself quoted in the book or article that you actually have in front of you. For example, you may be reading Smith and see that she quotes a passage from Palam, and it is the quote from Palam that you want to cite in your own work.
- In such cases, you should normally try to get hold of the original text (here Palam) so that you will be able to cite it directly. However, sometimes it is not reasonably feasible to locate the original text, and so you will need to make do with the original text as it has been quoted in the secondary text (here Smith).
- Where this is the case, you should give as full a reference (following AGLC style) to the original text as you can glean from the secondary text, then use the words 'quoted in', and then give the normal reference to the secondary text.
- Providing this information allows your reader to know what the original text is that you are citing and to try to obtain it themselves, rather than rely on your second-hand quotation.
- It is misleading and potentially deceptive to cite only the original source (Palam) as if you have consulted it directly when you have only consulted the secondary source (Smith). To do so is inadequate and risks charges of plagiarism because you are not revealing your actual source.
- It also may not be adequate simply to say 'Palam, as cited in Smith' where you give proper details of Smith but no further available information about Palam. This practice would be acceptable only if Smith him or herself had failed to provide the appropriate information about the source of the Palam quotation.
- You can use 'ibid' in the usual way to refer back to previously cited material from which the currently cited material was taken.
2 F A Hayek, The Constitution of Liberty (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1960) 153, quoted in Jeremy Waldron, The Law (Routledge, 1990) 51.
3 Ngaire Naffine, Law's Meaning of Life: Philosophy, Religion, Darwin and the Legal Person (Hart Publishing, 2009).
4 Steven Wise, Rattling the Cage: Towards Legal Rights for Animals (Perseus Books, 2000), quoted in ibid 131.