Government materials

Reference List

Print

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Publisher.

External Reference Group. (2004). Evaluation of knowledge and innovation reforms consultation report (DEST No. 7164.HERC04A). Department of Education, Science and Training.

Online

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work. https://xxxxxx

Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs. (2009). Growing up in Australia: The longitudinal study of Australian children: 2008-09 annual report. https://www.dss.gov.au/our-responsibilities/families-and-children/publications-articles/growing-up-in-australia-the-longitudinal-study-of-australian-children-2008-09-annual-report

Notes
  • When the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher.

Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., pp. 329-331); APA Style Report by a Government Agency References.

Reference List

Print

Government. Name of Parliament. (Year). Title. Volume number (if available), Publisher.

Parliament of Victoria. Legislative Assembly. (2000). Parliamentary debates (Hansard).

Online

Government. Name of Parliament. (Year). Title. https://xxxxxx

Commonwealth of Australia. House of Representatives. (2006). Parliamentary debates (Official Hansard). https://parlinfo.aph.gov.au/parlInfo/genpdf/chamber/hansardr/2006-10-31/0034/hansard_frag.pdf

Notes
  • When the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher.

 

Reference List

Print

Standard Name. (Year). Title of standard (Standard number). Publisher.

Standards Australia. (2008). The storage and handling of corrosive substances (AS 3780-2008).

Online

Standard Name. (Year). Title of standard (Standard number). https://xxxxxx

Standards Australia. (2008). The storage and handling of corrosive substances (AS 3780-2008). https://www-saiglobal-com.ez.library.latrobe.edu.au/online/autologin.asp

Notes
  • When the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher.

 

Reference List

Print

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (report or catalogue number). Publisher.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2014). Australian social trends: 2014 (cat. no. 4102.0).

Online

Author, A. A. or Corporate Author. (Year). Title of work (report or catalogue number). https://xxxxxx

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2014). Australian social trends: 2014 (cat. no. 4102.0). https://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/allprimarymainfeatures/BE6B2842A6549A7FCA257ACC000E2A23?opendocument

Notes
  • Do not reference statistics in common use; this convention applies to most statistics used in journal articles.
  • Do give a reference when:
    • Less common statistics are used, especially those that have appeared recently and / or can only be found in journal articles.
    • A statistic is used in an unconventional or controversial way.
    • The statistic itself is the focus of the article.
  • When the publisher is the same as the author, omit the publisher.

 

In-text referencing

Direct Quotes:
You are required to use page numbers for quotes.
See also: Direct quotation of material without page numbers.

Author notes:

Include the surname/s of the author and year. For example,

  • No author (note capitalisation): The Life of Insects (1979) or (The Life of Insects, 1979)

 

  • One author: Seaton (2018) or (Seaton, 2018)

 

  • Two authors: Grant and Grant (2018) or (Grant & Grant, 2008)

 

  • Three or more authors: Fraser et al. (2014) or (Fraser et al., 2014)

 

  • Group / corporate author: La Trobe University (2018) or (La Trobe University, 2018)

 

Author Prominent

Larkin (2004) claims that Paine's writings "represented a turning point in the revolution" (p. 10).

Bakris et al. (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p. 828)

Information Prominent

"Paine's choice of metaphors, diction, syntax, and evidence were crucial to his success" (Larkin, 2004, p. 26)

It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).

Paraphrasing:
You may include page numbers if it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

Author Prominent

Benesch (2001) described the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart.

Chambers et al. (2013) state the benefit of working collaboratively.

Information Prominent

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al., 2010).

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010).