Images, Figures, and Tables

Reference List

Creator, A. A. (Year). Title of work [Description]. Publisher. http://xxxxxx

Better Health Channel. (2016). Meditation [Infographic]. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/healthyliving/Meditation-infographic

Davies, C. (n.d.). Detail of Banksia ericifolia flower [Photograph]. CSIRO. https://www.scienceimage.csiro.au/image/3260/detail-of-banksia-ericifolia-flower/

Stanfield, James. (1987). Anxious eyes [Photograph]. National Geographic. https://allthatsinteresting.com/eight-iconic-national-geographic-photos

Notes
  • This format is used to cite (but not reproduce) an image or photograph not connected to a museum.
  • For artwork in a museum or on a museum website, see APA Style Artwork References.
  • If you wish to reproduce an image or photograph in your assignment, use the Image / Graph (Figure) tab on this page.
  • The in-text reference should include Creator, Year.  If the Creator is not known, use Title.
  • For untitled visual works, provide a description in square brackets.
  • If the publisher is the same as the creator, omit that part of the reference - see Better Health Channel example.

Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., pp. 346-347).

In-text referencing

INCLUDING THE IMAGE WITHIN YOUR TEXT:

Figure 1

The Gateway Belief Model (GBM)

Driver control layout. Taken from "Control strategy for a mobile self-balancing materials handling platform

Note.  From “The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change as a Gateway Belief: Experimental Evidence,” by S. van der Linden, A. Leiserowitz, G. Feinberg and E. Maibach, 2015, PLoS ONE, 10(2), p. 3 (http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118489). Copyright 2015 by van der Linden et al.

Format of Caption/Copyright Statement: Article

Note. From or [Adapted from] “Title of Article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume(Issue), page number (URL or DOI). Copyright Year by Name of Copyright holder.

Reference List

Reference according to the style for the source where the Figure is located.

For this example : Journal Article Without DOI

van der Linden, S. L., Leiserowitz, A. A., Feinberg, G. D., & Maibach, E. W. (2015). The scientific consensus on climate change as a gateway belief: Experimental evidence. PLoS ONE, 10(2), Article e0118489. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118489

Notes
  • Figures are all illustrations except for Tables. Figures include graphs, photos, screenshots, drawings, images.
  • All figures are numbered as they appear in-text. The word Figure and the figure number are in bold. Figures are numbered in a separate sequence to any tables.
  • The Title is written in italics below the Figure No.  Give the figure a short clear descriptive title in title case.
  • The Note is immediately below each figure.  A note is included if you need to explain the figure or its contents [see APA7 guide p. 229]. 
  • If you include a figure in your document, you should refer to it in your text.
  • In-text always refer to Figure No. not to ‘figure above’ or ‘figure below’, e.g. Figure 1 shows...
  • IF the figure is reprinted or adapted from another source the note must include a full citation and a Copyright Statement.  This citation includes all elements of the reference in the order of Title, author, year of publication and source.  The copyright statement is in the format, Copyright Year by Name of Copyright holder.
  • IF your work is going to be published, the Copyright Statement is followed by the permission statement, Reprinted [or Adapted] with permission. You ONLY add the permission statement if permission has been sought and granted.
  • See APA Style Figures Setup and APA Style Sample Figures for more information on how to set up your figures within your assignment.
  • See also APA Style Clip Art or Stock Images References for how to include these types of images in your assignment or presentation.

Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., pp. 225-250, 389-391); APA Style Sample Figures.

In-text referencing

INCLUDING THE TABLE WITHIN YOUR TEXT:

Table 1

Correlation Matrix Between Active and Passive Usage of Social Networking Sites (SNS) and Subjective Well-Being (SWB)

Correlation matrix... Taken from "Taking a break: The effect of taking a vacation...

Note. Correlation results for usage of social networking sites and subjective well-being. From “Taking a break: The effect of taking a vacation from Facebook and Instagram on subjective well-being” by S. Hanley, S. Watt, & W. Coventry, 2019, PLoS ONE, 14(6), p. 6 (https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0217743). Copyright 2019 by Hanley et al.

Format of Note & Copyright Statement: Article

Note. Your concise explanation of figure as title. From [or Adapted from] “Title of Article,” by A. Author, B. Author, and C. Author, Year, Journal Title, Volume, page number (URL or DOI). Copyright Year by Name of Copyright holder.

Reference List

Reference according to the style for the source where the Table is located.

For this example : Journal Article Without DOI

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., & Author, E. E. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pp-pp. http://xxxxxx

Hanley, S.M., Watt, S.E., & Coventry, W. (2019). Taking a break: The effect of taking a vacation from Facebook and Instagram on subjective well-being. PLoS ONE, 14(6), Article e0217743. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0217743

Notes
  • Tables typically present textual or numerical data in columns and rows. All other illustrations are Figures.
  • The Title of the table is written in italics below the Table No.  Give the figure a short clear descriptive title in title case.
  • Tables and figures are numbered in separate sequences. All tables need to be numbered sequentially as they appear in text, e.g. Table 1, Table 2.
  • If you include a table in your document, you should refer to it in your text.
  • In-text always refer to Table No. not to ‘table above’ or ‘table below’, e.g. Table 1 shows...
  • IF the table is reproduced or adapted from another source the note must include a full citation and a Copyright Statement. This citation includes all elements of the reference in the order of Title, author, year of publication and source. The copyright statement is in the format, Copyright Year by Name of Copyright holder.
  • IF your work is going to be published, the Copyright Statement is followed by the permission statement, Reprinted [or Adapted] with permission. You ONLY add the permission statement if permission has been sought and granted.
  • See APA Style Table Setup and APA Style Sample Tables for more information on how to set up your tables within your assignment.

Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., pp. 195-224, 389-391); APA Style Sample Tables.

In-text referencing

There is no reason to cite photographs or images (figures) by you that were used in your research, or data that you have researched and wish to display in a table. 

Everything in your article is presumed to be your own work unless you state otherwise.

If you place your figures or tables within your document, then treat these as Figures or Tables.

Reference List As a personal images, photographs and data is not retrievable, no entry is required in the Reference List.
Notes
  • If you place your figures or tables at the end of your document, then treat these as an Appendix.
  • If you wish to place your figures or tables within your document, use the Images / Graph (Figure) or Table tabs on this page.
  • If you include a figure or table in your document, you should refer to it in your text, e.g. Figure 1 shows... Table 1 displays...

Source: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed., pp. 195-250).

In-text referencing

Direct Quotes:
You are required to use page numbers for quotes.
See also: Direct quotation of material without page numbers.

Author notes:

Include the surname/s of the author and year. For example,

  • No author (note capitalisation): The Life of Insects (1979) or (The Life of Insects, 1979)

 

  • One author: Seaton (2018) or (Seaton, 2018)

 

  • Two authors: Grant and Grant (2018) or (Grant & Grant, 2008)

 

  • Three or more authors: Fraser et al. (2014) or (Fraser et al., 2014)

 

  • Group / corporate author: La Trobe University (2018) or (La Trobe University, 2018)

 

Author Prominent

Larkin (2004) claims that Paine's writings "represented a turning point in the revolution" (p. 10).

Bakris et al. (2010) found this applied to "15 patients (4%) in the darusentan treatment" (p. 828)

Information Prominent

"Paine's choice of metaphors, diction, syntax, and evidence were crucial to his success" (Larkin, 2004, p. 26)

It was found that "individuals can discriminate between members of their own and a closely related sympatric species on the basis of song and beak morphology" (Grant & Grant, 2008, p. 78).

Paraphrasing:
You may include page numbers if it would help your reader locate the relevant passage in a long or complex text.

Author Prominent

Benesch (2001) described the function of the rhetorical-grammatical process chart.

Chambers et al. (2013) state the benefit of working collaboratively.

Information Prominent

It was suggested that the packaging made a difference (Bakris et al., 2010).

International students are reporting higher levels than domestic students (Australian Council for Educational Research, 2010).